Are you noticing patchy hair loss on your scalp and beard? You might be suffering from alopecia areata
What is Alopecia Areata?
Alopecia Areata is an autoimmune hair condition that targets hair. Although It has many subtypes, the patch type is commonest and presents as significant areas of patchy hair loss. More commonly seen in men than women, beard and scalp are the most common areas affected.
What causes Alopecia Areata?
Alopecia Areata is an auto-immune disorder. Our Immunity is our first line of defence against anything foreign to the body like infection or allergies. In auto-immune disorders, the immunity goes haywire and starts attacking the body's own cells. In Alopecia Areata, the body’s immune system starts attacking hair considering it to be foreign. Hence, often immunosuppressants are given as treatment of alopecia areata.
What is the treatment of Alopecia Areata?
- Intralesional steroid injections
- Scalp micropigmentation
- Hair replacement wigs
What is the long term outcome of Alopecia Areata?
The patchy subtype of alopecia areata has the best outcome. There is a possibility of spontaneous regrowth of hair within 6 to 12 months. The other subtypes, especially the universalis variant, are the most resistant to treatment.